Updated: Jun 5
Patanjali Japan Foundation (PJF) organised the 5th edition of its Monthly Interactive Session on October 18, 2020 on the topic ‘Pranayama’. The discussion was led by Mr. Ashutosh Singh (Chief Sewa Officer) with contributions by the in-house Yoga teacher, Ms. Sara from Japan.
From the vast treasures of Pranayama, Sara discussed the key concepts, types and benefits of Pranayama. There are 8 limbs of Yoga and Pranayama is the fourth limb of Yoga. Pranayama is the control of life force through breathing control. Sara discussed 4 types of Pranayama – ‘bahyvrutti’ (exhale and keep), ‘abhyantarvrutti’ (inhale and keep), ‘stambhuvrutti’ (keep breath as it is) and ‘bahyabhyantar vishyakshepi’ (stop both prāṇa against each other). Prāṇa is a life force and Pranayama is the way to manage our life force.
Sara further talked about 4 Pranayama – ‘Bhastrikā’ Pranayama, ‘Ujjayi’ Pranayama, ‘Bhramari’ Pranayama and ‘Dhyana’. The benefits of these Pranayama ranges from improved stimulation of the central nervous system, respiratory tract system, digestion and others.
In Q&A, questions on speed of breathing while doing Pranayama, importance of correct pronunciation while chanting mantra, ways to handle difficulty in breathing were discussed. Sara emphasized the importance of slow and steady practice which leads to stronger lungs. As for chanting mantra, pronunciation is important because it has a specific meaning and nuance. Lastly, breathing during Pranayama has to be a conscious effort which must be in sync with the body in order to avoid any sickness. The conscious effort to bring mind and body together is the essence of Yoga.